Is SPOOFING or Parody of any photo or magazine cover/spread legal???

YES IT IS – according to the “For Freedom of the press” you can spoof photos and other photographic material…legally.

Is it good taste, ask Weird Al, he has spoofed many mediums – everything is game – but you should try not to offend any group who may not like the spoof – but people should have a sense of humor when it comes to spoofs. But it is a spoof or a Parody, non the less.

Is it stealing – no, it’s creating another art form from an existing one allowed by our government. Here is a great example – TRUE – not close – but fun – that’s what spoofing is all about.

It’s where profits of use or creation of a spoof or Parody becomes the question.  To just post it online in social media – not illeagal!  May be bad taste – but art is for the one observing it to decide – to look – or not to look – that is the question, and in this case the statement – and if you don’t like something, don’t look! That’s America.

The magazine shown below is not Gay Caves – it is Man Caves – this is a good example of a Parody or Spoof.

Parody Spoof of a Man Cave Magazine Dan Leap

Parody or Sppof of a Man Cave Magazine

A quote from “Parody and the Law” When the United States Founding Fathers framed The Constitution, they made sure that Americans would always have the right to peacefully protest and criticize.

In America, one of the forms of criticism that’s specifically protected is parody.

A parody is a work that imitates another work for the purpose of ridicule or ironic commentary. The US Supreme Court recognizes parody as a protected form of free speech, and parodies are even given special rights under copyright law.

As a result of hundreds of years of protecting parodies, the concept of parody has been firmly rooted in American culture. Parodies of celebrities and public figures are on popular television and radio shows. There are also parody magazines, parody songs, and entire parody movies. There are even parody websites.

Ironically, politicians themselves are among the most frequently parodied figures.

Parody and Copyright Law
Parodies, by their nature, typically make use of other works: music, art, corporate logos, advertisements, etc. Obviously, the creators and owners of copyrighted works are unlikely to grant permission for their works to be used in a parody.

However, American society recognizes the cultural value of parody as a form of criticism and commentary, so the use of such copyrighted works for purposes of parody is often considered “fair use”, and is thus perfectly legal.

The section of US law that deals with fair use is Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 107: Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use.[1]

Here’s the exact text of the law:

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include –

(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;

(2) the nature of the copyrighted work;

(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and

(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

Parody is recognized as a form of criticism and commentary. Here’s how a parody might be considered, in light of the four factors above used to determine fair use:

1.Purpose and character; commercial or educational — noncommercial, educational, or newsworthy parodies are generally given more protection as fair use under this first factor. However, many commercial parodies have also been deemed to be fair use, as the Supreme Court has held that “a work’s commercial nature is only one element of the first factor enquiry into its purpose and character”.[2]

2.Nature of the work copyrighted — this factor has been said to carry little weight in parody situations, “since parodies almost invariably copy publicly known, expressive works”.[2]

3.Amount and substantiality — with parodies, a fairly extensive use of the copyrighted work is permitted. Copying is considered in relation to parodic purpose — a parodist can copy as much as is needed to “conjure up” the original. Even the “heart” of a work may be copied for parody, if it’s the heart at which the parody is aimed.[2]

4.Potential effect on the market — it is understood that an effective parody “may be so good that the public can never take the original work seriously again”.[3] Thus, with parodies, the possibility of destroying the market for the original work isn’t measured. Instead, what’s analyzed is the potential of the parody to fulfill the market demand of the original work. Since most parodies don’t compete with the original works they are parodying, this factor is usually not an issue.

Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music
One of the Supreme Court cases that’s frequently cited in parody situations is Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, which involved a copyright dispute over a song by the rap music group 2 Live Crew, headed by Luther Campbell.

2 Live Crew had composed a song called “Pretty Woman”, which was a parody of the 1964 Roy Orbison hit song, “Oh, Pretty Woman”. Acuff-Rose Music was the publishing company that managed the rights to the Orbison song, and 2 Live Crew asked them if they could license it for purposes of parody. Acuff-Rose denied their request — 2 Live Crew ignored them, and produced the song anyway.

The 2 Live Crew parody song sold nearly a quarter of a million copies. Acuff-Rose Music sued for copyright infringement.

After a District Court decision in favor of 2 Live Crew, and a reversal at the Court of Appeals, the case reached the Supreme Court in November of 1993.

The Supreme Court ruled unanimously in favor of Luther Campbell and 2 Live Crew.

Even though the 2 Live Crew parody song was commercial (and profitable), The Supreme Court held that the commercial nature of the parody was not enough to render it unfair use, and that “a parody’s commercial character is only one element that should be weighed in a fair use inquiry.”[2]

While 2 Live Crew had copied a substantial amount of the “heart” of the original Orbison song, the Supreme Court said that “the heart is also what most readily conjures up the song for parody, and it is the heart at which parody takes aim”.[2]

The Supreme Court also clarified the interpretation of a parody’s potential effect on the market. It’s understood that a parody, like any negative review, can destroy the market for the original work. Therefore, in parody situations, what’s measured is “market substitution, not any harm from criticism”; whether the parody can substitute for the original in the market, not whether the parody will harm the market for the original work. A parody is considered unlikely to act as a substitute for an original work, since it usually serves a different market purpose.

The unanimous ruling in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music significantly strengthened the fair use defense for parodists. Despite commercial profit, substantial copying, and allegations of market harm, the 2 Live Crew song had been protected from a charge of copyright infringement by one defining condition — it was a parody.

The discussion above and or magazine parody may not reflect the views of Photo Imaging  It is the sole intention to provide useful information in many formats. Photo Imaging does not share a view one way or another on social situations – other than we feel that everyone is equal.


Who Cares if You’re a Skilled Professional Photographer?

by Mark Stall                                                                                         12 November 2013

The state of portrait photography today is a free-for-all. The traditional highly experienced photographer has relied on a known variety of techniques in lighting and posing to achieve successful portraits. The newer photographer can design their portraits based on the newest trends or something they saw by someone else, but only if they have the skills or patience to learn it. Every photographer must use a combination of personal style and well thought out lighting to design a portrait the customer will like.
Customers select a portrait photographer based on a referral, an ad, social media or they’ve always used the same photographer. Photographers need to know what particular style the customer is looking for and what is the reason for the portrait. We all agree the goal of the photographer is to please their customer and do what they’re looking for without sacrificing something.
Years ago I attended a few lectures by the master photographer Joyce Tenneson. Ms. Tenneson will take a limited amount of portraits based on getting to know her subject intimately before proceeding. Upon completion of the session, she will select and present her client with her final choice. Period. Few of us have the luxury of selecting the final portrait without the customers say, but Ms. Tenneson has the ability to create and interpret a portrait through her understanding and commitment to the craft.

There’s more to being a portrait photographer than just taking a picture. And it should be more than just placing your subject or subjects in front of backdrop and shooting. For you to succeed and prosper you must study today’s trends and understand past photographers to become a skilled practitioner. Every successful photographer before 2005 made some major effort to study photography. Starting out, they attended as many workshops as they could and practiced with whatever equipment they could afford to accomplish the job. Passion isn’t enough today to please your customers. We must give this field of photogrqaphy everything we got to remain a respected profession and only the most skilled will succeed.

  • Article by Mark Stall,
  •  For your Best in Professional Photography Supplies!

Pro Studio Supply Providing Great Service with Great Products

Pro Studio Supply or is a pro dealer of products and supplies to photographers that’s been running 45 years strong. With fierce competition from companies like Amazon and B&H, Pro Studio Supply made it all these years with Top Notch customer service and proven products.  Besides great service, how did this happen…?  Well, it started long before the internet existed as Photographers Specialized Services in Oconomowoc, WI. A long name in as tough a city to pronounce, Oconomowoc, WI. but that hasn’t stopped them all these years.

PSS was started by Betty Lensmith and her husband, Gene, who ran a portrait studio in Oconomowoc. But with Gene Lensmith’s failing health, Betty realized something had to be done. Most portrait photographers of the time needed assistance in marketing their business to the public. In 1967, after some intense planning, Betty attended a PPA national convention in Chicago to introduce a new concept. She put together a membership program that photographers could buy for $100.00. It consisted of three books: The Guide to Lighting, Posing and Composing,  Selling the Name of the Game, & Profitable Promotions and Merchandizing Techniques

She sold 18 Charter Memberships and the first personalized training manuals for portrait photographers were published. From there PSS added Victorian furniture manufacturers, posing props, photo mounts, wedding albums, picture frames and equipment. The company grew quickly by attending national & regional photo conventions, doing mass mailings and one of the first outbound telemarketing departments for a photo supplier.

As business grew the company needed to expand and buy equipment to print and publish materials. During this growth period the economy turned for the worse in the 1980′s and the business headed into trouble. In 1988, Mark Stall, an entrepreneur and business owner from the Milwaukee area discovered the company was for sale after selling his video production company. Mark bought the business and took on the challenges of recovering a struggling company and still keeping it growing. Mark continued with the proven areas of the business while constantly acquiring new products. The mailings and telemarketing kept sales growing while continuing its close relationships they built with its customers. They still maintain a one-on-one relationship with any customer that calls or emails them with questions.

When you call Pro Studio Supply, you usually get through to one of their staff or Mark who personally handles the sales department. ”Besides managing my operation, I speak to my customers about technical questions on lighting, equipment and albums.” ”I have over 40 years experience in photography and visual communications, who better than me to answer our customers’ needs and take their orders.” This field has changed dramatically in such a short amount of time.

About the photography industry.  Photography has become so massively popular, but most have no formal training or learned from mentoring. They can count on our advice to set them apart from others. We carry many items they can use for branding like photo bags, boxes and photo folders. Pro Studio has the ability to add personalized logos, studio and graduation names on photo mounts, premium boxes and leatherette folios. This branding adds credibility and leaves an impression when presenting the customers images. It’s a needed reminder where their customers’ great images came from. And with so many internet companies hawking a startling variety of lighting and equipment, Pro Studio has handpicked very affordable items with solid warranties that put every customer at ease. Plus, a live person to contact if anything ever need resolving. So in this world of changing trends in photo supplies, you can count on one of the most experienced and trusted companies to provide honest answers and quality products. After 45 years in this changing field of pro photo, Pro Studio Supply is among the few long-time survivors offering support to anyone who calls them toll-free. Pro Studio Supply combines knowledge, quality products and close personal care in a world of impersonal mass merchants and internet stores.

For more information about our company and how we can help every photographer from the armature to the true professional photographer, please contact us:

Pro Studio Supply, where customer service and photography knowledge makes your job easier. Come see all we offer today.


Exciting Trends In Wedding Photography

Over the years, photography in a wedding ceremony is limited to regular toast rising and ring exchange poses. However, Toronto wedding photographers have come up with some exciting ideas to give a more modern approach to the D-Day. Instead of documenting the wedding, photographersshould capture the intimate moments, that too in exciting surroundings.However, spending too much on a professional photographer is also not feasible. We tell you seven exciting trends to make your wedding album an unusual piece of art, that too at no cost:

Capture The Romance

Like fashion photographers, Toronto wedding photographers can give vintage effect to a photo by clicking that in any heritage building or ruined palace. Pick up the latest editions of leading fashion magazines, such as Cosmopolitan and Vogue, and get an idea about the right kind of poses. Or check out the décor and lighting arrangement at the wedding venue and find out places where the desired shots can be taken.

Don’t Pose

For centuries, photographers have been capturing weddings like a journalistic event. Don’t let your photographer ruin your wedding album with a bulk of group photos and guests raising toast. Toronto wedding photographers should emphasize on mood. They should click photos when couples are talk to each other. This way, photographers can capture the real mood and level of comfort between the bride and the groom.

The Casual The Better

The photos showing the bride coming down the stairs or the groom getting off a car look amazing. Photographers should try finding an unusual setting. Instead of taking on-stage shots, photographers can shoot at the entrance of the wedding venue. Get behind-the-scenes shots.

Shoot At Popular Landmarks

Imagine posing in front of the CN Tower in your wedding dress. Isn’t it amazing? Posing in front of popular landmarks has become the latest trend in wedding photography. For instance, if you are living in Toronto, Toronto wedding photographers can do wonders with the photo by clicking in front of the CN Tower or any other high rise building.

Photo Booths

Setting up photo booths at wedding venue is a great idea. Photo booths refer to a corner at the wedding venue where guests can themselves click photos. It is not just fun but helps make a photo mosaic.

Photo Editing

This is the most important part. Photo editing means modifying photos digitally. You can do it with the help of any photo editing software. Adobe Photoshop is the most popular and easy-to-understand software when it comes to photo post processing. Make sure the white balancing is perfect and balance the level of brightness and contrast.

Use Special Effects

Turn your photos in black and white or sepia. A photo that is partially black and white and partially colored also looks good. Use blurred background so that the subject stands out in the photo. Lightning the edges is another way to draw attention to the subject. The vignette effect in Photoshop is used to lighten the edges.

Since many Toronto wedding photographers have been following the traditional approach of wedding photography, it is imperative to look for the right photographer. Tell him what kind of shots you want. It goes without saying that choosing an experienced photographer is important to make your wedding day memorable.

Digital camera battery use knowledge

When using a digital camera saves the battery power used as far as possible. First is avoids using the nonessential focal variation operation as far as possible, if wants the focal variation really, suggested that moves camera’s position to obtain the same focal variation effect. is avoids using the flashing light frequently, the flashing light consumes the electricity, if not has no recourse should better not use. Furthermore when adjusts the image should better use the viewfinder, but do not use the LCD display monitor. The LCD display monitor’s energy consumption is astonishing, therefore best little uses, because the ordinary photography work may complete through the viewfinder. Certainly cannot to save the electric quantity to force out it, for instance when short distance photography the LCD display monitor is the indispensable important part. Finally is remembered, when not in use digital cameras to turn it off.

When use the digital camera battery for a long time, the ACER aspire 3050 battery needed to be clean. Many people may focus only on digital camera lens and body clean, but never thought the battery should be cleaned. To avoid power loss problems, be sure to maintain the battery contact point of both sides and the battery cover’s interior is clean. If necessary, use a soft, clean cloth and gently wipe dry. Can not use chemical or other cleaning of the cleaning agents have solubility.

pay attention to use the correct method in the process of charging Digital camera batteries. Best to use the original digital camera battery charger, which will help extend battery life. The charging time depends on the charger and the battery used, and the use of voltage stability and so on factors. If this is the first use of the COMPAQ Presario r3000 Battery (or batteries for months not used), to remember, lithium battery charging time must be more than 6 hours, Ni-MH battery must be more than 14 hours, otherwise, will be shorter battery life.

If digital camera battery has residual power, try not to repeat the charge to ensure battery life. If you charge Ni-Cd battery for a while only to stop charging power and then recharge it, doing so is the battery can not be filled. This is what they call the “memory effect”, this effect would reduce the battery’s total capacity and the use of time. Over time, less and less stored charge, the battery will also use more and more quickly.

If planned does not use the digital camera for a the long time , Should take out the digital camera battery from the digital camera perhaps the Dell inspiron 1501 Battery charger, and discharges it completely.For a long time stored in the digital camera battery charger, or within, may leak and damage.Deposits the battery in the dry and cool environment, moreover do not deposits the battery and the general metal goods together.

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John Phoenix & Lisa Catera
Entrepreneurs in business to make life better for everyone.
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“You will get all you want in life if you will help enough other people get what they want! – Zig Ziglar”

Which is better for Photo Printing: Dye Sublimation or Inkjet?

Photographers have to understand their choices of printers in the market which are best for theirprofession. Identifying which the better photo printer is between a dye sublimation printer and an inkjet printer is the best way to help photographers who have not much knowledge regarding this subject. Through this comparison, photographers will be able to make the best choice for their professional photo printing needs.

Dye Sublimation Printers: For On-the-Go and Studio Photo Printing

Dye sublimation printers are printers that use dye panels as inks or colorants. The dye panels are like solid sheets of dye and these are imprinted onto photo paper through the thermal sublimation process. This type of printing device is most ideal for printing photos particularly because it not only prints photos in high quality but also in good speed. Most commercial photo printers that are used for photo studios and laboratories have this kind of mechanism.

The two types of dye sublimation printers are the compact photo printer and the commercial-grade photoprinter. The compact photo printer is the most popular type of dye sublimation printer. Since it has a small and handy size, it is very ideal for on-the-go printing. This photo printer is best to use for outdoor photo printing, out-of-town excursions, occasions and celebrations where you can print and sell photos, and locations where printers are not exactly accessible.

On the other hand, the second type of dye sublimation printer is also known as a studio photo printer or dry mini-laboratory, typically used for mass photo printing. Such printing device is often used by commercialphoto printing studios which can be found in malls and other public areas. They are quite heavy and their interfaces are ideal for easy direct photo printing. Since they are commercial-grade, it’s not surprising for these printers to be expensive. Photo printing businesses need this type of printer for their industry.

 Inkjet Printers: General and Home Photo PrintingIf you want to print photos of your family in the comfort of your own home, it’s much more ideal to use aninkjet photo printer. Inkjet printers are devices which make use of nozzles to paint images onto paper andink cartridges with liquid ink as coloring materials. Inkjet printers have print heads which move back and forth to paint the images onto the medium.

Inkjet printers are very ideal to use because of their prices which are mostly affordable. Aside from their reasonable prices, they are also very functional. Because of their versatility, they are useful not only forphoto printing but also for general printing.

For photos, it’s important for an inkjet printer to have high resolutions of around 4,800 to 9,600 dpi and a high number of nozzles, preferably more than 3,000.


It’s not easy to judge which the ideal photo printer is between a dye sublimation printer and an inkjetprinter. It’s better to understand the functions of the printers and the benefits that they can provide youwhen you use them. This will give you more freedom to decide whichever type of printer you really prefer to use and which best answers to your photo printing needs.

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Considering opening up a Self Storage…

The Self Storage Business: Breaking In

by CELTICBANK on JUNE 1, 2011

With over $20 billion in revenues last year and as one of the fastest growing industries for the past 35 years, the self storage industry is a great niche to start your small business. Here are a few tips to help you get on your way to opening a self storage business in your community:

1. Identify your competitors

Learning about your competition will not only help you decide where to locate your self storage business, but it will help you decide how to run your self storage business. Look up several facilities in your area and answer these questions: How many units does your competitor have? What type of security do they offer? How much do they charge? And are they in a convenient location? By knowing your competition you can learn from their mistakes, customize your facilities, and build your business in a more convenient location to the customer.

2. Know the laws

Before you begin the search for your self storage location it is important to know the state laws governing self storage in your area. As the owner of your own storage business you must know the laws about zoning, collections, privacy of customer information, and lien sales and auctions. Self storage lien laws vary widely by state and are updated frequently so it’s essential to become familiar with these regulations.

3. Create a Business Plan

After you know your local laws about self storage it’s time to create a business plan. Your plan should include an overview of the services you will offer, your target market, how you will reach them, what sets you apart from the competition, and your plans for financing. The Small Business Administration (SBA) is a great resource when it comes to planning for the financing of your self storage business. They understand the costs of opening up a new business and can help you get started in the search for a lender.

If you need financing for you self storage facility Celtic Bank can help. Celtic Bank specializes in small business loans and will walk you through the financing process so you can focus on more important things; like the success of your self storage business!


How much time to allow for Wedding Photography?

How much time to allow for Wedding Photography?

One of the more popular questions I am asked is, “how much time do I need to allow for wedding photography?” The answer to that question hinges on what you wish to achieve with your photography, and how much you are willing to collaborate with your wedding photographer.

While the candid, unobtrusive style of wedding photojournalism still remains popular, the wedding photos that my clients respond to the most are the stylized, directed shots. The “artistic shots” as the brides and grooms often refer to. These shots involve private time alone; away from the family and friends.

The photographic environment is utilized as a stage setting. This setting creates an atmosphere for the wedding couple to step into a fantasy world where they become whoever they wish to be. The couple is often directed through various poses and creative ideas at the gentle coaxing of the wedding photographer. Soon the camera is forgotten about and the magic happens.

Pure emotions emerge that bring out the sexiness and playfulness, the glamour and sophistication, the serenity and mystery, or the love and passion between each couple. Not only do these wedding photographs yield beautiful shots, they also provide a moment of quiet time in the midst of a busy day that races by so quickly.

The price however, is time. If you want these images, be forewarned that you should allot at least an hour specifically for this style of work. In other parts of the world, it is normal for the couple to take a couple of hours during the wedding day to go to one or several exciting locations for their portrait time.

If these images matter the most to you, consider when you could devote the extra time. Do you meet before the ceremony? Do you miss your cocktail hour? Do you take time off at some quiet point during your reception? Perhaps it necessitates scheduling some portrait time on a different day. Keep in mind, it is your day and the scheduling and timing is in your control. In my experience, I have found the minimum of one full hour to be extremely beneficial.

Common Scenario - All in One Wedding Venue

Couples often had their wedding ceremony and reception in one location which enabled us to spend one solid hour doing photography. The scheduling is straight forward, and no extensive planning was required. We were able to do intimate portraits as well as utilize the setting that drew them there in the first place.

The Adventure – Embrace the Offsite Scenery

In one of my experiences, the reception was a forty-five minute drive from the ceremony site. During our drive, we made a few stops along the way. Not only did we manage to get some wonderful shots at a local train station and park, we also had a great time doing it! Because of the unobtrusive manner in which I shoot, the additional benefit to the couple was some quiet time together before regrouping for the social activities of the night.

Go with the Flow – Prepare for Hard Pressed Wedding Photography

On the other hand, some wedding couples prefer not to invest a specific schedule dedicated for portraits, or to prepare for wedding photography in general. In this case, I advise my clients to allow five minutes per grouping for the “traditional” formals and an additional fifteen minutes for shots of the couple alone. If time is crunched, I will often photograph the family first and then request about fifteen minutes with the couple privately at a quiet point during the reception.

The flow of this type of photography arrangement demands the ability to adapt to situations, and often presents great challenges for the wedding photographer. At one particular wedding I had a window of thirty minutes before the ceremony to photograph the bride and groom, wedding party and family members. As the minutes ticked down with no key players to be found, a growing congregation of family members began to appear. As I started to photograph the family, the list seemed to grow rather than recede, and still without a full wedding party or bride and groom. When the bride finally arrived, we were down to ten minutes before the ceremony time. Ten minutes to go and a bride and groom greeting guests that arrived from out of the country, we were very hard pressed to accomplish what was requested. In the end we had to schedule some additional time during the reception to finish shooting.


When you are looking through samples of photojournalistic work, or viewing wedding portrait of other couples prior to your wedding day, be aware of what you are drawn to. Feel free to show samples to your photographer and discuss how much time would be necessary to achieve the images you like. The more communication you have between yourself and the photographer, the happier you will be with your results.

Tax Time again…here are a few pointers

As photographers we also have business needs and although most of America do not realize we have all the same issues any business has – Equipment cost, Marketing, Insurance, Leasing, utilities, and those are just for our business…not our home.

We all need a little business help from out side sources.  I’ll tell you that the financial business side to our photography studio is not as strong as I would like it to be, so I found this list of things to consider for write offs you may miss.  I hope this little bit helps, and all of you great shooters, we wish nothing but success for 2013!

Top 50 Overlooked Deductions

1. Student loan interest
2. Half of the self-employment tax paid
3. Self-employed health insurance premiums
4.Penalty on early withdrawal of savings
5. Alimony paid, but not child support
6. Medical transportation expenses including tolls, parking, and mileage for trips to health facilities, doctor’s offices, laboratories, etc.
7.Nursing home expenses that are primarily for medical care
8.Medical aids such as crutches, canes, and orthopedic shoes
9. Hearing aids, eye glasses, and contact lenses
10.Hospital fees for services such as nursing, physical therapy, lab tests, and x-rays
11. Equipment for disabled or handicapped individuals
12. Part of the life-care fee paid to a retirement home designated for medical care
13. The cost of alcohol and drug abuse and certain smoking-cessation treatments
14. Special school costs for mentally or physically handicapped individuals
15. Wages for nursing services
16. State income taxes owed from a prior year and paid in the tax year
17. Fourth quarter estimated state taxes paid by December 31
18. Personal property taxes on cars, boats, etc.
19. Taxes paid to a foreign government
20. Mandatory contributions to state disability funds
21. Points paid on mortgage or refinancing
22. General sales tax deduction (including tax paid on large items such as cars or boats) in lieu of the income tax deduction
23. Cash and noncash contributions to a qualified charity
24. Mileage incurred in performing charitable activities
25 General casualty and theft losses in excess of $100 and totaling more than 10% of adjusted gross income
26. Education expenses you paid to maintain or improve job skills
27. A handicapped individual’s work-related expenses
28. Professional journals, magazines, and newspapers that are job-related
29. Cost of safe deposit box used for investments or business
30.Seeing-eye dogs for the handicapped or guard dogs for a business
31. Required uniforms and work clothes not suitable for street wear
32. Union dues
33. Employment agency fees or commissions in certain cases
34. Home office expenses, if for your primary place of business
34. Job-seeking expenses within your present field of employment
36. Reservist and National Guard overnight travel expenses
37. Dues to professional organizations
38. Business gifts up to $25 per customer or client
39. Your moving expenses
40. Business expenses including travel, meals, lodging, and entertainment not reimbursed by your employer
41. Cleaning and laundering services while traveling for business
42. Tools for use at your job
43. Cellular phones required for business
44. Worthless stock or securities
45. Commission to brokers or agents for the sale of property or property management
46. Fees for tax preparation or advice
47. Legal fees to collect taxable alimony or Social Security
48. Hobby expenses to the extent of hobby income you included in gross income
49. Services of a housekeeper, maid, or cook needed to run your home for the benefit of a qualifying dependent while you work
50. Gambling losses to the extent of your gambling winnings

Good luck everyone with this year’s tax season!  Everyone at Photo Imaging News wish you great success in your photography business future


Picture of the Month — Hands by NYIP Graduate Gloria Restrepo

This month, NYIP Associate Dean Jerry Rice has written the Photo of  the Month Review. Jerry’s keen eye can help readers decipher any type of  photograph. A lifelong lover of fine photography, when Jerry talks about  photographs, everyone at NYIP listens. We know you’ll enjoy Jerry’s observations  on this month’s photograph.

At NYIP we teach our students a simple Three-Step Method for setting up every  photograph they shoot:

  • Step 1. Know your subject.
  • Step 2. Focus attention on your subject.
  • Step 3. Simplify.

This simple Three-Step Method is the secret of every successful photograph  ever taken. We teach our students to consider these three steps every time they  look into the viewfinder. To consider them before they press the shutter  button.

When our students mail in their photographs for analysis by their instructor,  the instructor starts by commenting on what we call the three Guidelines. Of  course, the instructor analyzes other elements of the picture too — focus,  exposure, filters, etc. But the key to every good photo — and the essential  element of every great photo — is adherence to these three Guidelines.

How do they work? How can you apply them? It’s beyond the scope of this Web  site to teach you every nuance, but you will get an inkling from the Photo of  the Month Analysis that follows.


Photo by NYIP Graduate Gloria Restrepo

This Picture of the Month is that it is reminiscent of the work of the great  Dorothea Lange.  For those of you who do not know Lange’s work she was the  foremost photographer among several other fine ones who did much of their best  work for the Farm Security Administration under the direction of Roy Stryker in  the Depression years.  One thinks of such famous Lange photographs as the White Angel Breadline, the migrant woman, and so many others depicting the wretched  conditions that existed during that time.  It was documentary work at its  best.

But that is not to say that this month’s photographer, NYIP Graduate Gloria  Restrepo of Medellin, Colombia, was deliberately trying to copy the work of  Dorothea Lange.  It is hardly possible to make a photograph that has not been  made many times before by other photographers.  As it says in Ecclesiastes,  there is nothing new under the sun.  Michelangelo, da Vinci, and Raphael spent  countless hours studying (and possibly copying) the works of other artists.   Each, of course, brought his own inimitable touch to their creations.

So what do we learn about this man in the photograph?  Of course, our  judgment can only be based on visual observation — what we actually see in the  photograph.  There is nothing else to suppose, evaluate, guess at, or  what-have-you.   When I evaluate student photographs I am often struck by the  verbal assertions that accompany the pictures — statements about the child’s  innocence, the veteran’s patriotism, the old woman’s valor, etc.  But the point  is that the student is describing verbally inner emotions or characteristics.   That is impossible.  In a photograph you can only show what is visible, not what  is buried deep in the heart, the soul, the brain, or even the big toe.  You can  only show what can be actually seen; all the rest is supposition and sometimes  vivid imagination.

Back to the photograph in question.  I think it is a picture of a man, but I  am not certain because the facial features are hidden.  The hat seems to be that  of a man’s, but in South America, women are often seen wearing a man’s hat.  The  clothing, including the hat, suggests poverty, but there are eccentric  millionaires (Howard Hughes, e.g.) who often appeared as ragamuffins.  The hands  and fingernails are dirty, but we do know whether this might be the result of  hard physical labor or merely the lack of the wherewithal to keep clean.  Once  again, we can only go by what is seen, not what we suppose.  Looks are often  deceiving.

And what else do the hands suggest?    Fatigue, the person is cat napping.   Shame, the person does not want us to see the dire poverty.  Fear, the hand  blocks the sight of impending danger.  And so forth and so on.  But all of these  things are in our minds; we do not actually see these conditions, do we?

There is always a risk in photographing a person of this sort.  Are we, for  example, intruding on one’s privacy?  Are we, without intending to do harm,  exploiting this person’s apparently down trodden condition?  Are we placing  ourselves in some imagined superior position, for we could just as easily  photograph a well-dressed millionaire exiting from his splendid yacht?

These are questions that all photographers should ask themselves if we are to  be honest.  Of course, honesty in photography goes with the territory (as we all  know, don’t we).  To prove that honesty abounds in photography, consider Joe Rosenthal’s photograph of the flag raising on Iwo Jima.   When Rosenthal got to the peak of Mt. Suribachi the flag has already been raised  and was hanging limply from the flagpole; several Marines were sitting on the  ground, smoking.  But the photographer restaged the photograph with the flag  waving rapidly in the breeze and several Marines struggling valiantly to raise  it.  Of such fakery Pulitzer Prizes are won!

Or take Karsh’s famous photograph of a truculent Winston Churchill defying the Axis powers.  You’d be  truculent and angry too, if the photographer had unceremoniously yanked your  expensive cigar out of your mouth, but Karsh got the picture he wanted.Or how  about NYIP’s most famous alumnus, the great W. Eugene Smith?  Take some of the  pictures Smith made at his hospital in Africa.  One in particular shows Dr. Schweitzer surrounded by workers, all in sunlight.  But  for dramatic effect Smith added some silhouetted hands of other workers to give  the photograph a black foreground in order to highlight the main subject,  Schweitzer.  In other words, the silhouetted hands were not in the original  photograph.

So much for honesty in photography.

How did Gloria Restrepo, the photographer, utilize the three NYIP Guidelines?  The subject matter is obviously of a strong nature.  To focus attention on the  subject Restrepo used the hands to hide the face, used the hands also to form a  frame, worked in black-and-white which in itself is a form of abstraction, and  threw the background out of focus in order to emphasize the person.  And she  simplified the picture by admirably filling the frame with the subject.  That  business of filling the frame appears too infrequently in student pictures.

Read more at New York Institute of Photography – Picture of the Month – Hands